Counter Speech Taxonomy
From Weaponized Social
Counterspeech can be many things, including:
- exposing hate, deceit, abuse, stereotypes
- promoting counternarratives and clarifying facts
- advancing counter values
- uniting communities
- sharing experiences
Directed at whom?
- Change norms
- raise awareness
- support target
Who’s doing it?
- bystanders who know target
- bystanders who know speaker
- unknown bystanders
- *gender/race/orientation/status matters
how are they doing it?
- “fact” checking
- call for harassment or consequences
- questioning, socratic method
- sharing personal experiences
- “killing w kindness”
- “fuck you”
- harass/abuse back
What are the effects (intended and unintended)?
How do we define and measure success?
|Dickwolves (Penny Arcade)||speakers||challenge|
|#direnkahkaha #resistlaughter||speaker (political figure in Turkey)||mock challenge protest|
|wikistorming and edit-a-thons||public/community||change norms/educate|
|#weturnourbacks #sirtimizidonuyoruz Turkey||Speaker (president of Turkey)||Challenge & protest|
|#metomé una foto de snuda y qué, #I took a naked picture so what
after Ibero university students found out about a DB of naked photos of students
|Men sharing photos but especially female students - started in female bathrooms first||change norms; support “victims”|
|#KillAllMuslims after Charlie Hebdo massacre||community/public||change norms|
|State Dept. (US) tweeting at potential terrorists||community/public/speaker||education/change norms|
|video song response to ACLU students’ anti-asian rant||speaker/public||mock|
|Ijeoma Oluo engaging racist troll on MLK Jr. Day||speaker||educate/connect/understand|
|Everday sexism in the UK||community/public||change norms|
|“Let Love Happen” photograph||public||change norms|